Hu Y, Osu R, Okada M, Goodale MA, Kawato M (in press) A model of the coupling between grip aperture and hand transport during human prehension. Experimental Brain Research.

Kaneko Y, Nakano E, Osu R, Wada Y, Kawato M (2005) Trajectory formation based on the minimum commanded torque change model using the euler-poisson equation. Systems and Computers in Japan, 36, 92-103.

Schaal S, Sternad D, Osu R, Kawato M (2004) Rhythmic arm movement is not discrete. Nature Neuroscience, 7, 1136-1143.

Caithness G, Osu R, Bays P, Chase H, Klassen J, Kawato M, Wolpert DM, Flanagan RJ (2004) Failure to consolidate the consolidation theory of learning for sensorimotor adaptation tasks. Journal of Neuroscience, 24, 8662-8671.

Osu R, Kamimura N, Iwasaki H, Nakano E, Harris CM, Wada Y, Kawato M (2004) Optimal impedance control for task achievement in the presence of signal-dependent noise. Journal of Neurophysiology, 92, 1199-1215. pdf

Osu R, Hirai S, Yoshioka T, Kawato M (2004) Random presentation enables subjects to adapt to two opposing forces on the hand. Nature Neuroscience, 7, 111-112. pdf

Franklin DW, Osu R, Burdet E, Kawato M, Milner TE (2003) Adaptation to stable and unstable environments achieved by combined impedance control and inverse dynamics model. Journal of Neurophysiology, 90, 3270-3282. pdf

Osu R, Burdet E, Franklin DW, Milner TE, Kawato M (2003) Different mechanisms involved in adaptation to stable and unstable dynamics. Journal of Neurophysiology, 90, 3255-3269. text of link

Franklin DW, Burdet E, Osu R, Kawato M, Milner TE (2003) Functional significance of stiffness in adaptation of multijoint arm movements to stable and unstable dynamics. Experimental Brain Research, 151, 145-157. pdf

Osu R, Franklin DW, Kato H, Gomi H, Domen K, Yoshioka T, Kawato M (2002) Short- and long-term changes in joint co-contraction associated with motor learning as revealed from surface EMG. Journal of Neurophysiology, 88, 991-1004. pdf

Servos P, Osu R, Santi A, Kawato M (2002) The neural substrates of biological motion perception: an fMRI study. Cerebral Cortex, 12, 772-782. pdf

Burdet E, Osu R, Franklin D, Milner T, Kawato M (2001) The central nervous system stabilizes unstable dynamics by learning optimal impedance. Nature 414 446-449. pdf

Wada Y, Kaneko Y, Nakano E, Osu R, Kawato M (2001) Quantitative examinations for multi joint arm trajectory planning - using a robust calculation algorithm of the minimum commanded torque change trajectory. Neural Networks, 14, 381-393. pdf

Burdet E, Osu R, Franklin DW, Milner TE, Kawato M (2000) A method for measuring endpoint stiffness during multi-joint arm movements. Journal of Biomechanics, 33, 1705-1709. pdf

Flanagan JR, Nakano E, Imamizu H, Osu R, Yoshioka T, Kawato M (1999) Composition and decomposition of internal models in motor learning under altered kinematic and dynamic environments. Journal of Neuroscience, 19:RC34. pdf

Nakano E, Imamizu H, Osu R, Uno Y, Gomi H, Yoshioka T, Kawato M (1999) Quantitative examinations of internal representations for arm trajectory planning: minimum commanded torque change model. Journal of Neurophysiology, 81:2140-2155. pdf

Osu R, Gomi H (1999) Multijoint muscle regulation mechanisms examined by measured human-arm stiffness and EMG signals. Jounal of Neurophysiology, 81 (4), 1458-1468. pdf

Gomi H, Osu R (1998) Task dependent viscoelasticity of human multijoint arm and its spatial characteristics for interaction with environments. Journal of Neuroscience, 18 (21), 8965-8978. pdf

Osu R, Uno Y, Koike Y, Kawato M (1997) Possible explanations for trajectory curvature in multi-joint arm movements. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 23 (3), 890-913.

Miyamoto H, Schaal S, Gandolfo F, Gomi H, Koike Y, Osu R, Nakano E, Wada Y, Kawato M (1996) A Kendama Learning Robot Based on Bi-directional Theory. Neural Networks, 9, 1281-1302.

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